03 May 201822:29

The Velvet Revolution. Moscow hopes for a consensus between political forces in Armenia

The Velvet Revolution. Moscow hopes for a consensus between political forces in Armenia
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The actions against the election of ex-President Sargsyan by the Armenian premier are held on 13 April. The opposition accuses Sargsyan, who was twice elected to the post of president, in ineffective management and deterioration of the economic situation in the country. Moscow expects a peaceful settlement of the crisis.
Moscow will closely monitor the elections of the Prime Minister of Armenia, which are scheduled for 1 May. Let us remind you that the protests in Armenia are held on 13 April. People took to the streets against the election of former President Serzh Sargsyan as prime minister, accusing him of ineffective management and deterioration of the economic situation in the country. Nevertheless, on 17 April, the parliament elected Sargsyan the head of government. Then the opposition announced the beginning of a "velvet revolution", and less than a week later, on 23 April, Sargsyan resigned.

Peaceful settlement

Russia expects to reach a consensus between the political forces in Armenia. As Vladimir Putin noted in a telephone conversation with the President of the Republic of Armenia Armen Sargsyan, it is important to show restraint and responsibility in order to overcome the internal crisis by all the political forces of the country. Leaders declared their readiness to solve existing problems through constructive dialogue strictly within the constitutional framework.

A few days later, Vladimir Putin's press secretary Dmitry Peskov clearly expressed the vector of interaction between the two countries:

"Mostly this communication was concentrated around the need for an early settlement of the crisis situation that has now arisen in Armenia, a settlement, of course, within the constitutional framework - in such a way that a consensus is reached between all the parties concerned."

Close ties with Russia

As you know, Moscow is an important strategic ally of Yerevan in the entire post-Soviet space. Countries relate the alliance partnership. Over 200 interstate, intergovernmental and interdepartmental treaties and agreements have been signed. The basic documents are the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance of 29 August9, 1997 and the Declaration on Allied Cooperation between Russia and Armenia, oriented to the 21st century, signed on 26 September, 2000.

Russian-Armenian relations are characterized by a high level of bilateral contacts at the highest and highest political levels.

This is the only country in Transcaucasia (except for the semi-recognized Abkhazia and South Ossetia), where Russian military and border guards are stationed, as well as a member of the CSTO and the EEU. The 102nd Russian base, located on the border with Turkey, gives special relevance to relations.

In addition, Russia is Armenia's leading economic partner, its share in the external trade balance of the country is about 24%. Russia confidently takes the position of the main foreign investor in the Armenian economy. The volume of Russian investments in the Armenian economy accumulated since 1991 has exceeded 4 billion dollars. Yerevan is provided with all-round assistance in various spheres, primarily economic and defense, and it is also impossible to disregard a large network of Armenian businesses in Russia. At the same time, it is Moscow, not the West, that provides Armenia with security guarantees.

New protests

The day before the leader of the protests in Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan announced his readiness for negotiations with representatives of the ruling Republican Party of Armenia to make a decision on the settlement of the situation in the country. He noted the need to resume protest actions in Yerevan with renewed force from Sunday. There are fears that further aggravation of the situation according to the Western scenario with the use of "orange" technologies can lead to serious limitations of independence, including the unacceptable solution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict for Yerevan.

The Russian delegation, interested in the legality of resolving the crisis, met with all factions of the Armenian parliament on Saturday, while only one person was present from the opposition faction "Elk". Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on CIS Affairs, Eurasian Integration and Relations with Compatriots Konstantin Zatulin said that Russia is interested in ensuring that the electoral processes in Armenia take place within the framework of legal procedures.

"We are interested in the fact that everything went through a legal procedure within the walls of the parliament. Russia will follow it very carefully, and I'm not sure if it's about breaking this procedure and trying to forcefully change this procedure violently on the basis of revolutionary expediency, we in Russia recognize it so unequivocally, - he noted.

A similar opinion was expressed in the local Ministry of Justice:

"A complicated situation has developed in the country, and it must be resolved by political means in a consensus. The authorities are doing everything to resolve the conflict peacefully," Acting Justice Minister David Harutyunyan said.

According to him, another decision is fraught with dangerous consequences, in particular the repetition of street protests

The change of power according to the Western scenario could lead to the collapse of the economy and a sharp decline in the standard of living of the population. Experts hope that Armenia will stay and not go according to the Ukrainian scenario, because the processes that are taking place have something in common with the Maidan technologies. The severance of relations with Russia and the course towards association with the EU will lead to the destruction of the economy, since Armenia to a large extent, as already said, depends on Russia. In this case, what can prevent Baku from responding with a military operation, especially when he has behind his back a powerful ally - Turkey. This could endanger all Middle Eastern countries. Including this can lead to bloodshed and the loss of Nagorno-Karabakh.
Elena Winter Translated by Elena Winter
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